In the 1960s, people were convinced that there was a huge and growing problem with transport. The then Ministry of Transport commissioned engineers and economists to look at those problems and suggest solutions. The Beeching Report recommended closing all except the very core main lines of the railway network. The Buchanan Report recommended razing cities and building neat modern concrete one-piece tower-block-and-motorway towns. These were huge problems that called for radical solutions never before heard of.